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Topic:Some people believe that there should be a fixed punishment for each type of crime. Others, however, argue that the circumstances of an individual crime, and the motivation for committing it, should always be taken into account when deciding on the punishment. Discuss both these views and give your own opinion. Give reasons for your answer and include any relevant examples from your own knowledge or experience Essay: 谢振礼Crime rates are one of few factors disrupting the way of a nation’s security, and the situation has to be put under control by punishing criminals. Some people believe that fixing the similar punishment for all those who commit each kind of crime is better, while others claim that punishment for all crimes should be flexible. On balance, it can be argued that it is unfair to punish a person without investigating the circumstances leading that person to a crime. There are some good arguments for having one set of punishment for each crime. Every nation needs a system where the punishment fits the crime, not less, not more. Sentences for each type of crime should be given accordingly and having a fixed punishment is easy, fair, effective and efficient justice system. Among others, there is one important advantage about a fixed system  as, before committing a crime, people would be aware of the results and would think twice before doing it. Another advantage is that a fixed punishment for each type of crime is tailored, anticipated and expected, and not arbitrary. Still another advantage is that since the punishment for each crime has already been given in law books, judges would only have to pronounce the verdict, and there will be no more complaints about the corruption in the judiciary system. However, this system of fixing a punishment for each type of crime can also promote a wrong message in public. Although every nation has a right to take action against a criminal, it is definitely not correct to give the same punishment to all, without knowing the nature of the crime. Therefore, a fixed punishment is not always the best way because when deciding on the punishment of a person, the conditions and incentives for committing it must be taken into account. For example, a thief is a thief, but there is a difference between one thief stealing due to hunger and another thief stealing for profit. Likewise, a murder is a murder, but there is difference between killing someone for robbery and killing someone for self-defense. In other words, punishments should be flexible enough. As a whole, although there are obvious advantages about a fixed punishment for each type of crime, nevertheless it is important for judges to take into consideration the circumstances of an individual crime in the first place. Opinions may differ regarding punishments, but each must pay a price, depending on the motivation of a person. In all events, for the security of a country, crimes must be reduced. 
主题:
有些人认为每种类型的犯罪都应该有固定的惩罚。然而,另一些人则认为,在决定惩罚时,应当始终考虑到个人犯罪的情况以及犯罪的动机。讨论这两种观点并给出你自己的观点。给出你的答案的原因,并包括任何相关的例子,从你自己的知识或经验
论文:谢振礼
犯罪率是破坏国家安全的少数因素之一,必须通过惩罚罪犯来控制局势。一些人认为,对所有犯下各种罪行的人采取类似的惩罚措施更好,而另一些人则认为对所有罪行的惩罚应该是灵活的。总的来说,如果不调查导致一个人犯罪的情况,就惩罚他是不公平的。
对每一项罪行都有一套惩罚措施是有道理的。每个国家都需要一种适合犯罪的惩罚制度,而不是更少,也不是更多。对各类犯罪都要量刑,实行固定的刑罚是一种简便、公正、有效、高效的司法制度。此外,一个固定的系统有一个重要的优点,因为在犯罪之前,人们会意识到结果,并会三思而后行。另一个好处是,对每一种犯罪的固定惩罚是量身定做的、预期的和预期的,而不是武断的。还有一个好处是,由于每一项罪行的惩罚都已在法律书籍中公布,法官只需宣布判决,而且不会再有针对司法系统腐败的投诉。
然而,这种针对每种犯罪类型的惩罚的固定系统也会在公共场合传播错误的信息。虽然每个国家都有对罪犯采取行动的权利,但在不了解犯罪性质的情况下对所有人实行同样的惩罚绝对是不正确的。因此,固定的惩罚并不总是最好的方式,因为在决定惩罚一个人的时候,必须考虑到实施的条件和动机。例如,一个小偷就是一个小偷,但是一个小偷因为饥饿而偷窃和另一个小偷为了利益而偷窃是有区别的。同样的,谋杀就是谋杀,但是杀人和自卫是有区别的。换句话说,惩罚应该足够灵活。
总的来说,虽然每种类型的犯罪都有固定的惩罚的明显优势,但是法官首先要考虑到个别犯罪的情况是很重要的。对于惩罚,人们的意见可能不同,但每个人都必须付出代价,这取决于一个人的动机。在任何情况下,为了国家的安全,罪行都必须减少。